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Lions vs Leopards; Compilation thread
Canidae Wrote:We have lion and leopard vs hyaena threads, so I thought it would be good to also have one of Leopard vs. Lions, as the two often interact though mortality is much rarer than lion vs. hyaena.
A lot of the accounts are picture / video based so I put it in this part of the forum, but please post all accounts! Smile

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Lion and Leopard stand-off

We set our early this morning to follow up on the four male lions from yesterday. As we headed into the vicinity we found tracks of two leopards heading towards the last area we’d seen the lions. Just as we rounded the corner we found the Emsagwen male leopard and the Campbell Koppies female leopard on Matumi rocks.

The pair was still mating, albeit with much less frequency.

They then moved off the rock and parted ways, ending their mating marathon. While following the Campbell Koppies female, we crested the ridge leading out of the Sand River and ran straight into the four male lions and two of the Marthly lionesses.

The lions weren’t aware of the leopard’s presence, but she’d obviously seen them because she’d suddenly vanished into thin air.

In the meantime we also lost sight of the Emsagwen male as he disappeared into some thick reeds in the direction of the lions.

A little while later we found the large male leopard from Sparta lying about 50m away from the rest of the lions and leopards.

He wasn’t in a good mood.

And we figured out why as soon as we saw the Emsagwen male feeding on the remains of a male bushbuck in a nearby tree. It looked like the Emsagwen male had bumped into his old nemesis while trying to find the Campbell Koppies female, and then chased him off the kill.

Even though he was well fed, the large male from Sparta was still incredibly irritated at having lost his meal to his rival.

The Emsagwen male then took the kill out of the tree and dragged it over the ridge. What he wasn’t aware of however, was that he was heading straight to where the lions were sleeping.

As he crested the ridge he saw the lions and immediately did an about turn, but not before one of the lionesses spotted him first and gave chase. The leopard quickly scaled a Jackalberry tree with the kill, but that didn’t deter the lioness as she followed him up in a flash.

The minute the Emsagwen male let go of the kill she was onto it. The lioness had the leopard cornered at the top of the tree, but she was unsure of her footing and so didn’t attack the leopard outright. He in turn wasn’t taking any chances though, and went for the lioness in the hope that she would either fall or back off.

Unfortunately this tactic didn’t work.

The lioness fought back, and after a brief scuffle the Emsagwen male jumped out of the tree and sought refuge in a nearby Sausage tree. No sooner was he up the tree when the four male lions came over the ridge and went straight for him. The remaining Marthly female eventually appeared on the scene, but knowing her chances of getting any of the bushbuck were slim to nothing, she simply lay down to watch the ensuing chaos.

The lioness stayed in the tree and fed off the kill, while the four males circled the base like sharks waiting for scraps to fall. The unscarred male even made several attempts at climbing the tree, but each time he’d get halfway up and then remember that lions aren’t actually supposed to climb trees and abandon his efforts.

The lioness in the tree devoured most of the kill, before dropping the two front legs. Needless to say these were greedily snapped up by two of the males. She then descended the tree and moved back into the open area with the other female. Two of the males followed them, and when the other two had finished their snack they joined the others on the crest of the river bank.

All six lions then fell fast asleep. Although only when the lions had moved off did the Emsagwen male cautiously descend the tree. Once he reached the ground his bravado returned, and he made a big show of scent marking the tree that had held him safe for the past hour. He then strutted off down the road as if it was any other morning.


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From a picture series on the Guardian, please post if you can find the original source!

Lions tree Leopard

Lioness disturbs but doesn't pursue mating Leopards


Lion pair trees Leopard


Lion trees Leopard


Lions of Gir chase leopards from their kills

HMEDABAD: The king of the jungle has turned plunderer. Lions of Gir chase leopards away from their kills. A recent incident bore testimony to this phenomenon. A lioness browbeat a leopard away from its kill of a chital and feasted on it along with her three cubs in Dedakdi area.

In this incident reported earlier this week, the lioness got attracted to the kill much after the leopard killed chital and started eating it. A beat guard who witnessed this incident said that as the smell of the flesh wafted, it drew the lioness and her cubs. Seeing the lioness approach, the leopard beat a retreat and climbed up a nearby hill.

 "The lioness and the cub finished off the kill within a half-an-hour and left the area. The leopard kept staring at the remains, said Sandep Kumar, deputy conservator of forest, Sasan.

Kumar said this was not an isolated incident. "About 25-30 per cent of the kill by leopard was snatched away by the lions. A detail study about the food habits of the lions has revealed that there were more incidents of this kind this year compared to the past," he said.

Such incidents occur usually when lioness are roaming with their cubs in search of food. Those lions who are not in pride and are leading isolated lives also resort to such practice.

Leopards who lead solitary life easily fall prey to lions' plundering. However, there have been also instances of role reversal when leopards tried to steal lion's prey. But these attempts usually result in calamity. Recently, a leopard was killed by a pride of lions when it tried to steal their kill.

Foresters claim that there have also been some rarest of the rare instances where leopards have been successful in driving the lions away from their kills. Leopards generally target hyenas to snatch away their kills, said the forest officials.


"Other predators sometimes kill lions, particularly cubs not attended by adults. A leopard bit a small cub of the Seronera Pride to death"
The Serengeti Lion
A study of Predator-Prey Relations
by George B. Schaller


"A Leopard that was clearly ravenou - possibly through injury - was feeding on a lion's kill, and so intent on his meal that he failed to notice the, at first casual but then concentrated and stealthy, of the rightful owner. The big male lion completed his approach, seized the leopard with deliberation, and killed him at once with a bite through the back of the neck."
Downey's Africa - Window onto Wilderness
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[Image: 0515wallpaperys-15_1600.jpg] ^ Spectacular Leap!
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Lion Kills Young Leopard


It is an exciting and hugely emotional game drive morning for all those who has ever been a part of Mother Nature’s “wrath”.

The guides and guests were following one of Erindi Game Reserve’s dominant male lions early one March morning when the lion began to act strangely. He appeared to have picked up on something ahead of him – whether it was a smell, sound or something that caught his eye, it is hard to say but the lion’s body language changed and his gentle walking gate exploded into a full speed run. The game viewers following could not keep up at first but they heard the commotion and then desperate cries of a 6 month old female leopard.

As they caught up, the entire story began to unfold slowly. A mother leopard had killed an adult impala ram and she was at the kill site with her 6 month old youngster. The cats had already been feeding on the impala carcass for about 2 days when the lion came across the kill.


An adult impala ram is impossible for a female leopard to hoist while it is still fresh & whole but the carcass that this female had was probably already light enough for her to pull up into a tree.

Young leopards still learning how to place their kills in trees, often move them around and cause them to fall to the ground. It is unclear how the young leopard managed to get caught by the lion but claw marks in the tree showed that she either fell or tried to climb the tree when the lion arrived but somehow she had s slip and the big male lion grabbed her by the chest. The necropsy showed that the little leopard did not give in easily and she definitely tried to fight for her life as her mouth & throat were full of hair from the lion’s mane.

The mother of the young leopard was spotted and photographed watching the incident from the safety of a nearby rocky outcrop…what she was going through, no one can know. The male lion eventually left the lifeless body of the small leopard and he was noted to mark the area by spraying urine. The reason for this is unclear but it may have had something to do with the impala carcass prize that he had won & not the young leopard he had killed. Lions will demarcate their territory to let other lions know that they are in the area and that the space is occupied. The lion had no interest in eating the leopard but he claimed the impala carcass meal and fed on it until it was completely finished.

Lions kill leopard for snatching away their food

Himanshu Kaushik, TNN Jul 6, 2012, 02.51PM IST

AHMEDABAD: Snatching away the kill from the claws of the lions cost a young male leopard his life. In a rare incident, the leopard was killed by two lions when it tried to snatch away the kill of a cow.

Officials said that in Visavadar range in Amreli District, a lioness and lion has made the area their permanent habitat. Also being the matting period, the couple was staying in isolation.

Recently the two made a kill of a cow from the nearby village. The two had just killed the cow and were eating it, when a four-five year male leopard from some where came in the area and began approaching towards the kill.

The lion seeing the leopard warned it of coming near the kill and on couple of occasion it even chased the leopard away in the wild. However, despite repeated warning the leopard made attempts to snatch the kill.

Finally the lion attacked the leopard and killed it. Officials said that in the last week this is the second attack where the lions have at-tacked to save the kill. Earlier it was in Khambha taluka when a group of lion attacked a couple of farmers who went to save their cattle from the clutches of the lions.

Leopard killed by lions

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This leopard was found during a bush walk in the Balule Private Nature Reserve. According to Brian Jones of Moholoholo Rehabilitation Centre who was on the scene, there were numerous lion tracks and wounds on the leopard indicating a lion attack. “Fatal attacks by other predators probably account for more leopard deaths than the snares, traps and poison us humans put out there.” 

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Lion kills leopard cub in Amreli village

TNN Nov 14, 2012, 04.02AM IST

RAJKOT: A four-month-old leopard cub was killed by a lion in Vad village of Rajula taluka in Amreli district on Monday.

The postmortem confirmed that the cub was mauled by a lion.

According to forest department officials, local villagers informed them about the dead leopard cub in Vad village. It was attacked on the banks of Sakardi river in the village.

"There is a pride of seven lions in this area. When we saw the leopard's cub, we found injuries on its neck. We have also found the pug marks of lions in the same area. Trackers found that female leopard was spotted with her cub but when she saw the group of lions, she left the cub and escaped from the spot. After that, one of lions killed leopard cub,'' officials said.

"There are good number of lions and leopards around this area'' said forest official. 
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The death of a leopard in the Klaserie

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Survival of the fittest means only one thing; that those who are weaker will succumb, and those who succeed will prosper. When predators take down prey, we call it the circle of life, when predators take on predators, it is a vicious and brutal fight, often to the death. Competition in the wild is rife. It’s every man for himself, and each pride for their own.

This week the Greater Kruger Park lost a leopard; a young female we had seen with her kill just the night before. Her belly was still full as she lay motionless in the grass, her fur slightly dishevelled, and evidence of bite marks puncturing her neck.

The two Ross Pride lionesses dominate the area around Africa on Foot and nThambo Tree Camp, and currently they are hiding one small cub. The instinct to protect their young, and the determination to eliminate the enemy would give these lions enough reason to kill a leopard in their path.

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Perhaps she took a turn into lion territory that night and had no chance to escape the ruthless lionesses as they set out to hunt. The next morning the lions were found triumphantly feeding on their buffalo prey, while their faded tracks led back to the lifeless young leopard in the distant grass.

The recent rains have flushed the evidence from the ground, but it seems that the Klaserie Reserve saw a battle between cats in the early hours of the morning. One youthful leopard no match for a team of ferocious lionesses with a cub to protect.

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Enoch and Patrick from Africa on Foot discovered the upsetting sight on morning game drive. A golden pelt decorated with ebony rosettes – a vision so sought after on safari that even in death she was majestic. By nightfall last night, her scent had been detected, and she did not go to waste. A camera trap we set up captured hyenas in the darkness, dragging her body away.

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Sometimes jubilant, at times, devastating, the African bush is a combination of celebration and destruction. Standing next to the silent body of a leopard in all her glory was a reminder of the brutality of it all. Watch Kevin MacLaughlin’s video on this story, taking a look at the unforgiving nature of the wild, and the aftermath of this big cat battle.

Leopard & Lion Standoff in the Mara

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Full Story (cant copy & paste) :
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Nursing Lioness climbs 5 meters up tree to challenge Male Leopard in his domain, beats him and the Leopard turns Tiger and runs away, and the Lioness steals the Leopards kill and feeds on it.  :o 

This time on a rock crevice - same result!

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Two lionesses kill the Dudley Riverbank 5:5 male.

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The Dudley Riverbank 5:5 male patrolling through his territory. Although male leopards typically establish a territory far from where they were born, this male never strayed too far from his birth place.

"Sadly the final chapter of this male’s life is a tragic one and about two weeks ago, he was killed by the Tsalala pride of lions. Although we found him already injured, the tracks showed that he was ambushed and severely mauled by the two adult lionesses that have been secreting cubs in the rocky outcrops along the Manyelethi Riverbed. Judging by his wounds it must have been an intense and prolonged battle. He was outnumbered and outsized and eventually succumbed to his wounds later that same day."
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Some more Leopards including Territorial Males killed by Lionesses.

"Lions pose a very real threat to leopards. In fact, the Xidulu female leopard was recently killed by lions, and I’ve personally seen the Tsalala Pride chase leopards such as the Camp Pan and Marthly males in the past. This particular pride were responsible for killing the Dudley Riverbank 5:5 male, in all likelihood the Tutlwa female and possibly even a few unconfirmed individuals to add to that list too. The Nstevu Pride mauled the 4:4 male and he eventually died as a result of the injuries sustained during the fight. So despite this being an amazing scene to witness, we all breathed a huge sigh of relief when the Nanga female and her cub managed to escape the encounter unscathed."

Here is the 4:4 Male killed by Lions:

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These are the girls responsible for killing Leopards including the Dudley Riverbank 5:5 male:

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The Tsalala Pride crosses the Sand River. Having territory in both the south and north of Londolozi, these lions are responsible for either injuring or killing a number of leopards in their time.

" About six months ago, the Tutlwa female was seen fighting off the Tsalala Pride in a thick section of the Sand River. Although no one actually saw the lions grab her, she was seen leaping away from them into some debris and judging by the sounds coming from the thicket, a fight definitely occurred. Since this time her territory remains eerily quite. The Tsalala pride was also responsible for the death of the Nyelethi Female and Dudley Riverbank 5:5 male, the latter of which we reported on in this blog last year.
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Intraguild killing
"We ascertained cause of death for 52% of lion mortalities (n=333) and 45% of leopard mortalities (n=433) (Figure 4). Conspecifics were responsible for the greatest percentage (lion: 69%; leopard: 40%) of known-cause mortality for both species. Leopards accounted for 3% of known-cause juvenile lion deaths (n= 121); leopards were not recorded killing lions older than 7 months. Lions accounted for 22% of known-cause leopard cub deaths (n=152) and 23% of independent (≥2 years old) leopard deaths (n=44). The mean age of lions killed by leopards was 0.22 ± 0.12 years (range= 0.08–0.58 years), while the mean age of leopards killed by lions was 2.71±0.75 years (range=0.08–16.59years). "

Source: Leopard distribution and abundance is unaffected by interference competition with lions

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Lioness climbs tree, fights male Leopard Tingana (Mark1977 claims him to 'big' : here), Tingana defeated runs off, and the Lioness claims his prize:

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The most famous encounter

Lioness corners a young female leopard

Lioness vs young male

Lionesses surround a male 

Huge male leopard Kali cornered

(06-13-2018, 10:02 PM)Taipan Wrote: Lioness climbs tree, fights male Leopard Tingana (Mark1977 claims him to 'big' : here), Tingana defeated runs off, and the Lioness claims his prize:

Yes Tingana was a big territorial male at that time. Not the biggest though, that title belongs to Mr. Anderson, who's literally a lion with spots!
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(08-18-2018, 06:50 PM)Mondas Wrote: "A lion with spots"?  Yeah, lions lose their spots, when they grow up.. so.. how about a mane.. that'd help..

Not sure why you're trying to be funny, but even the rangers mistake his footprints with that of a lioness. So yes, he comes pretty close to a lioness, he's a huge speciemen.
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"Funny", but in post #3 of this thread.. it is stated..

"...she'd definitely tried to fight for her life, as her mouth & throat were full of hair from the lion's mane".

So, "literally" - an adult male lion will never be over-matched by any leopard - in a mortal combat contest..
(08-26-2018, 09:55 AM)Mondas Wrote: "Funny", but in post #3 of this thread.. it is stated..

"...she'd definitely tried to fight for her life, as her mouth & throat were full of hair from the lion's mane".

So, "literally" - an adult male lion will never be over-matched by any leopard - in a mortal combat contest..

It was a 6 month old cub...
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