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  Molina’s Hog-nosed Skunk - Conepatus chinga
Posted by: Shenzi - 10-13-2018, 07:00 AM - Forum: New Animal Profiles - No Replies

Molina’s Hog-nosed Skunk - Conepatus chinga

[Image: 47ae024ad6c001cebff0c42ba50411a0.jpg]

Kingdom: Animalia
Phylum: Chordata
Class: Mammalia
Order: Carnivore
Family: Mephitidae
Genus: Conepatus
Species: [i]Conepatus chinga
[/i]


Molina’s hog-nosed skunk (Conepatus chinga), is similar to the common skunk with scent glands used to spray an odorous liquid to offend potential predators. They have a resistance to pit viper venom, distinct thin white markings and a pink, hog-like, fleshy nose.

Range
The Molina’s hog-nosed skunk’s native range is throughout mid to southern South America, Chile, Peru, northern Argentina, Bolivia, Paraguay, Uruguay, and southern Brazil.

[Image: Molina%27s_Hog-nosed_Skunk_area.png]

Physical Description
Conepatus chinga is medium sized, weighing approximately 2.3 to 4.5 kg, and measuring anywhere from 460 to 900 mm long from nose to tail. It has characteristic skunk coloring with generally black fur and 2 white stripes running from the top of the head down the sides of the body to a mostly white tail. It lacks the white stripe down the middle of its face that is common in Mephitis mephitis. Conepatus chinga also has a distintive nose, which is fairly broad and fleshy much like its common name suggests

[i][Image: 70570608.jpg?AWSAccessKeyId=AKIAJIJQNN2N...Objnr6U%3D][/i]

[i]Diet[/i]
Foraging mainly at night, the skunk is omnivorous eating birds, small mammals, eggs, insects, leaves, and fruit. The tooth morphology in the molina’s hog-nosed skunk, is different than most mammals in that their teeth are adapted to their omnivorous diet with grinding being the main function of the carnassial apparatus.

[i]Reproduction[/i]
Though solitary during the year, wanders in search of mature females in during the breeding season in late February and early March. Very little is known as to the specifics of the mating rituals.
The breedings season for C. chinga is generally in late February. Solitary for most of the year, mature males seek females for mating during this time. Females are generally impregnated by March and give birth to litters of 2 to 5 in late April or early May. Gestation period is approximately 2 months. The young are sexually mature at 10 to 12 months of age.
Females are the sole caretakers of the young. The young are weaned in 8-10 weeks and are foraging on their own by August. Soon after they will leave the mother in search of their own territories.

[Image: WALTER%2BALVAREZ1.jpg]

Conservation
The skunk is listed as “least concerned” according to the IUCN RedList. The main threats of the skunk are increased habitat destruction and fragmentation from over exploitation of humans and grazing of agriculture. The skunk is also affected by the planning of new roads and road-kills. Due to improper planning, habitat destruction, and fragmentation, the skunk has started living around man-made structures and along fences and buildings.

[Image: a3a116003080847e079cd394dee8423c.jpg]


Diet of Conepatus chinga (Carnivora: Mephitidae) in a Polylepis forest of the department of Arequipa, Peru.
We analyzed 226 fecal samples.

[Image: a09tab01.jpg]

Diet is composed of 19 components, mainly insects (94,11%) and other invertebrates (3,27%), with occasional presence of vertebrates (1,18%) and plants (1,43%), which explains the low values of the diversity indexes (1-D= 0,16) and width of trophic niche (B= 1, H´= 0,68).

Feeding habits of Molina's hog nosed skunk, Conepatus chinga (Carnivora: Mephitidae) in the extreme south of Brazil.

[Image: a06tb1.jpg]

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