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Sloughi
#1
Sloughi

[Image: Sloughi_sandcolor.jpg]

Country(ies) of origin
  • Morocco (Std. resp.)

  • Algeria

  • Tunisia

  • Libya

  • Egypt

The Sloughi is a North African breed of dog, specifically a member of the sighthound family. It is found mainly in Morocco, which is responsible for the standard, and can be found in smaller numbers elsewhere in North Africa. Sloughis are not related to the Saluki.

Description
Appearance
The Sloughi belongs to the Sighthound family. In appearance, it is a short-haired, middle-sized, strong sighthound with drooping ears. Its expression is often described to be melancholy. Its muscular system is "dry", that is, the Sloughi has flat and long muscles, which must not be as brawny as those of Greyhounds or Whippets, even when in excellent physical condition. Its back is nearly horizontal (the lumbar region must be slightly vaulted). It has a moderate angulation and a tucked up underline.

The Sloughi's eyes are ideally dark brown, though sometimes of amber colour. Its coat colour varies from light-sand, to red-sand, red- or mahogany with or without brindling, black mantle, black mask, black ears. According to the standard, a Sloughi may only have a small white patch on its chest. Extensive white markings and parti-colored coats are not allowed. The Sloughi's gait is feather-light, with a moderate and energy-efficient stride.

The Sloughi's general view is compact and strong; it may not be too dainty.

[Image: 1920px-Sloughi.jpg]

Temperament
It is of a sensitive nature yet is an alert and intelligent hound. It is said that Sloughis have a mighty longing for moving and that is not easy to keep them in flats with families; however, a Sloughi does not need more exercise than other dogs of similar size. It loves variety, walking on the leash, romping in the countryside, and racing. A Sloughi is faithful to his owner and it needs him close by. Sloughis are easy to bring up and to train, if you know how to do it. Because the Sloughi is somewhat sensitive, its training should not be oppressive, and any punishment should be omitted. What it likes is a friendly confirmation of its behaviour.

Health
The Sloughi is largely unchanged from ancient times, and so retains a robust genetic health. Only a few genetic conditions have been noted in the breed, in particular Progressive retinal atrophy (PRA). Fortunately the Sloughi is one of the breeds in whom this condition can be tested for with a small blood sample, and breeders are working to eliminate PRA from the gene pool. Like all sighthounds, the Sloughi is very sensitive to anesthesia, and can be sensitive to vaccines, worming, and other medications - so these routine treatments should be spaced apart instead of given all at once. Otherwise the breed tends to enjoy excellent health into old age.

History
It is thought that Sloughis originally came from what is today Ethiopia (the tributes to the Pharaohs included smooth Lop-eared Sighthounds from Nubia, south of Egypt). On old fragments of earthenware (about 3000 B.C.), a short-haired sighthound with lop ears was discovered that looks like a Sloughi. In 2008, a DNA study indicated that the Sloughi is a genetically unique population of sighthounds and the genetic sequences it shares with the Basenji, Sica and Nguni indicate that this breed is, on the maternal side, embedded in Africa, possibly for thousands of years. Therefore, it should not to be confused with the smooth Saluki of the Arabian peninsula and the Middle East, nor to be confused with the smooth Afghan Hound. The Sloughi was and still is used for hunting in its native countries, and is also a reliable guarding dog. Today, the Sloughi is found mainly in Morocco, Algeria, Tunisia, Libya, and Morocco is responsible for the breed's FCI Standard. The Sloughi is one of the two African Sighthound breeds recognized by the FCI.

[Image: Arabian_Greyhound_from_1915.JPG]
Arabian Greyhound circa 1915

The Sloughi has now been recognized by the American Kennel Club as of January 5, 2016 




The Fast and the Furless: Explaining Newly Recognized Dog Breeds
The American Kennel Club's latest members, the sloughi and the American hairless terrier, have some intriguing histories.


[Image: 01dogkennelclub.ngsversion.1452115800207...1190.2.jpg]
The sloughi is an ancient breed that originated in North Africa. 
PHOTOGRAPH BY AMERICAN KENNEL CLUB

By Jason Bittel
PUBLISHED WED JAN 06 15:59:48 EST 2016

Meet the fast and the furless new members of the American Kennel Club: the greyhound-like sloughi and the American hairless terrier. 

The two new additions, which bring the AKC's total breed list to 189, have some quirky characteristics—and couldn't be more different. 

As its name suggests, the American hairless terrier is typically bald as a result of a recessive gene found in rat terriers.

In the early 1970s, breeders in the U.S. began selecting for that gene, eventually giving rise to a new breed of hairless canine that resembles a Dalmation mixed with a chupacabra. 

The American hairless terrier’s skin, which can be spotted or solid gray, is smooth to the touch. The animals are especially popular with people who suffer from allergies. 

[Image: 02dogkennelclub.ngsversion.1452115800280....676.2.jpg]
People with allergies often go for the American hairless terrier, which was bred to be bald. 
PHOTOGRAPH BY AMERICAN KENNEL CLUB

“Except there’s a twist,” says Gina DiNardo, vice president of the American Kennel Club. “Some American hairless terriers do have hair.” 

Because the hairless gene is recessive, all it takes is one dominant hair gene to make the dogs produce a wiry coat, she says. 

Born to Run

In contrast to the newly distinct American hairless terrier, the sloughi (pronounced SLOO-ghee) is a breed that’s likely been around for thousands of years. 

“There are paintings found in North Africa dating around 7,000 years ago with pictures of dogs that look very much like sloughis,” says DiNardo. 

While the smooth-coated, short-haired sloughi’s genetics may be ancient, the breed was only introduced to the U.S. as recently as 1973. 

Like greyhounds and whippets, sloughis were bred to chase prey over long distances. (If they were on a football team, they’d be wide receivers.) 

It’s for this reason DiNardo recommends not taking them off of the leash unless you’re in a fenced area. 

“Those traits that have been bred for thousands of years are still in that dog,” she says, “so if it sees something little running, it’s going to go chasing right after it.” 

Waiting in the Wings

Unfortunately for the newbies, the breeds won’t officially be allowed to enter the renowned Westminster Kennel Club Dog Show until 2017. (

However, when the breeds do become eligible to compete for Best in Show, they may have to watch out for the newest canine on the block. In July 2016, the AKC plans to formally recognize a small-to-medium-size Hungarian sheepdog called the pumi. 

And unlike its American hairless cousin, this pup’s got plenty of hair to parade before the judges. 

http://news.nationalgeographic.com/2016/01/160106-dogs-akc-animals-pets-breeds-science/ 
[Image: wildcat10-CougarHuntingDeer.jpg]
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