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Chimango Caracara - Milvago chimango
Chimango Caracara - Milvago chimango

[Image: Chimango-caracara-perched-with-prey.jpg]

Scientific classification
Kingdom: animalia
Phylum: Chordata 
Class: Aves 
Order: Falconiformes 
Family: Falconidae
Genus: Milvago
Species: Milvago chimango

Description: Length: 37 to 40 cm. A typical chimango has a mantle and back edged with cinnamon brown feathers and white. Neck, chest, abdomen and belly light brown. Head dark brown. It is the smallest variety of caracara. Wings have a dark brown stripe with white in the basal half of the primaries. The tail is light brown with a dark brown terminal band. Eyes are brown. Legs are yellow in the male and light gray in the female and hatchlings. The females are slightly larger than the male, weighing about 300 g.

Habitat: Its natural habitats are subtropical or tropical dry shrubland, high-altitude shrubland, temperate grassland, Patagonian steppe, and heavily degraded former forest. This bird is typically found at edges of water and near towns and fields, the latter especially if they are newly ploughed. It is the most common raptor in the Argentinean Patagonia.

[Image: Milvago_chimango_distr.png]
Diet: The Chimango is an intelligent bird and has high problem solving abilities compared to other birds. It eats insects, small vertebrates and carrion. The Chimango is also known to catch living fish from the surface of the water.

Reproduction: They nest solitary and in colonies. They rise from September to December, October being the month of highest production. They show a preference for building the nest in some vegetation, where it has some protection against sun and rain. The height of the vegetation, the type and the location do not seem to be important. the brood consists of two or three eggs, although they can reach five (these with red spots). The incubation lasts from twenty-six to thirty-two days and, at five weeks, the chicks leave the nest. Both genera share all the responsibilities of the nest: construction, defense, incubation and feeding of the chicks.

[Image: Chimango_%28Milvago_chimango%29.jpg]
[-] The following 1 user Likes Shenzi's post:
  • Claudiu Constantin Nicolaescu

Even though a variety of vertebrate animals are part of the chimango diet, until now the consumption of forest marsupials has not been documented. On January 9, 2015, at 20:05, we recorded in the Nahuelbuta National Park a male tiuque perched on the branch of a tree with a monito del monte (Dromiciops spp.) Holding it with its beak. After almost 30 seconds of being observed, the turtle flew and disappeared from our sight among the trees. Since our observation is incomplete, we can not affirm that the monkey of the mountain was really captured by the chimango. It is possible that the marsupial was found dead, stolen from another predator or effectively hunted. Regardless of this, our observation reveals for the first time the potential consumption of a nocturnal specialist marsupial forest by the tiuque, a raptor of generalist diet and opportunistic hunter, and with this record help to understand how the latter benefits from ecosystems wooded.

[Image: A-male-Chimango-Caracara-Milvago-chimang...iciops.png]
A male Chimango Caracara (Milvago chimango) sustaining a Monito del Monte (Dromiciops spp.) in the Nahuelbuta National Park, southern Chile. Photographed by Constanza Riquelme (January 9 th 2015). 
[-] The following 2 users Like Shenzi's post:
  • Claudiu Constantin Nicolaescu, Taipan
Chimango diet: 

At 1235 h on 16 November 2018, during a photographic campaign in Monte Hermoso, Buenos Aires Province, Argentina (38.9655°S, 61.3201°W; WGS 84; 11 m elev.), we observed a Chimango Caracara flying away with a Philodryas patagoniensis in its claws. Due to strong wind, the bird dropped the snake and continued flying (Fig. 1A). However, after a few minutes the Chimango Caracara returned and collected its prey (Fig. 1B).

[Image: HRkcKyf.png]

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