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Brown Hyena and Spotted Hyena Interactions
#1
Just want to know but are there any reported interactions between Brown and Spotted hyenas?
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#2
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I am pretty sure there was a pic somewhere of a Brown Hyena being aggressive towards a Spotted Hyena, but can't find it.
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#3
Nice do we have any interaction between brown vs striped ?
[Image: t70ok8.jpg]
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#4
there were account of spotted hyenas killing and mauling brown hyenas
 [Image: 75TiAZC.jpg]
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#5
"A Brown Hyena and Spotted Hyena feed side by side on an elephant carcass within the Madikwe Game Reserve a few years back. It was an amazing privilege to watch both species together, seeing how they kept a sharp eye on one another and keeping space between one another."

[Image: 10533385_681793188576028_242417441345297...e=5D791C5D]

"Field Ranger Nicky Mazzuchetti: Both Brown Hyena and Spotted Hyena sharing a Giraffe kill. Always great to see how animals sometimes have share food in order to survive."

[Image: 1015976_823434221004446_5831114727958276...e=5D9F609D]

"Brown and spotted hyena sharing remains of a kill"


[Image: 1157484_675436139151634_777078546_n.jpg?...e=5D8A9AB5]

"Spotted hyena and brown hyena
“By the rhino's carcass”
Kgama drive 500m from Kubu 
Tinged by Jann-Rick"

[Image: 50625375_2186649138063285_81764765587734...e=5D7F4A16]

"Both of these Hyena are generally more active at night and its uncommon to see them in the daytime, to see a brown hyena and a spotted at the same time and in broad daylight...very rare..."


[Image: 10697413_679780155461595_560001747200837...e=5D9C57C8]

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#6
(06-12-2019, 01:54 PM)onlyfaizy786 Wrote: Nice do we have any interaction between brown vs striped ?
Striped:
[Image: Striped_Hyaena_area.png]

Brown:
[Image: Brown_Hyaena_area.png]
They don't overlap.

But I wish we could post Striped and Spotted Hyena interactions here as well.
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#7
(06-12-2019, 08:55 PM)Ryo Wrote:
(06-12-2019, 01:54 PM)onlyfaizy786 Wrote: Nice do we have any interaction between brown vs striped ?
Striped:
[Image: Striped_Hyaena_area.png]

Brown:
[Image: Brown_Hyaena_area.png]
They don't overlap.

But I wish we could post Striped and Spotted Hyena interactions here as well.

Sad, actually i wish these two species could make any interaction.
[Image: t70ok8.jpg]
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#8
From Kalahari Hyenas : Comparative behavioural ecology of two species by M.G.L Mills

Competition for carcasses between the two species varied between
different areas (Table 8.1). In the Kwang area brown hyaenas usually
found a carcass first, and were usually able to feed on it uninterrupted by
spotted hyaenas, losing only 18% of their carcasses to spotted hyaenas. On
the other hand, in the Kousaunt area spotted hyaenas were usually first
onto a carcass, and in those few cases that brown hyaenas were known to
locate a carcass first, they were displaced by spotted hyaenas.
   

Hyena competition occurs primarily at carcasses, outside of this shared resource spotteds primarily eat ungulates and browns scavenge and eat ostrich eggs, fruits and small animals too. Note that even when out numbered not all of the hyaenas attack, often only one. Younger animals are often timid, and animals of and below a certain rank cannot rely on social support and so will not take risks with unnecessary combat.

In the five cases that spotted hyaenas displaced brown hyaenas in the
Kousaunt area (Table 8.1), a single brown hyaena and one to five spotted
hyaenas were involved. In three of the observations the brown hyaena ran
away at the approach of the spotted hyaenas, but in two it stood its ground
as three and five spotted hyaenas approached it. In both these cases one of
the spotted hyaenas grabbed the brown hyaena by the side of the neck and
dragged and shook it for 1-2min, with the brown hyaena snarling and
yelling and trying to bite back. The other spotted hyaenas ran around the
struggling pair, but did not join in the attack. When the brown hyaena
managed to free itself, the spotted hyaenas left it and went to the food. On
both occasions blood was drawn on the neck of the brown hyaena.
In the four cases that brown hyaenas were displaced by spotted hyaenas
in the Kwang area, the interactions were more complex, and once, a
spotted hyaena failed to displace a brown hyaena. Four times, one spotted
hyaena, and once, two, were involved. In all cases there were from two to
four brown hyaenas involved at varying stages of the interactions. Two
examples are given below:

17 January 1980. 21.33 h. Kwang windmill. A brown hyaena is feeding
on a wildebeest carcass and another is lying down 30 m away. A spotted
hyaena walks towards the carcass, but stops 10m away. The brown
hyaena raises the hair on its back and hoot-laughs (Table 5.6), scraping
the ground with its forefeet, and the spotted hyaena moves away.
Twelve minutes later the spotted hyaena comes back to the carcass, and
both species feed together for a few seconds. Then the brown hyaena
breaks a small piece off and moves away with it. It returns five minutes
later with the spotted hyaena still feeding, circles the carcass 5 m away,
and then departs.
Five minutes later the second brown hyaena comes to the carcass, and
the two species feed together (Fig. 8.1) for 3 min until the spotted
hyaena moves away. It returns 2min later, but the brown hyaena continues
to feed, hair raised and snarling. The spotted hyaena lies down

30m away. After 35 min the brown hyaena moves off. Sixteen minutes
later the spotted hyaena returns to the carcass, feeds for 19 min, then
moves away as well. Two minutes later a lion comes to the carcass.
19 May 1978. 23.55 h. Dunes near Kwang. A spotted hyaena comes
running up to a hartebeest carcass on which two brown hyaenas are
feeding. The brown hyaenas move away slowly, and the spotted hyaena
starts to eat, the brown hyaenas circling around some 20--50m away.
Five minutes later a second spotted hyaena comes to the carcass.

   

At 00.25 h one of the brown hyaenas moves close to a feeding spotted
hyaena. As it approaches with its hair raised, the spotted hyaena curls its
tail over its back and raises the hair on the back of its neck (Fig. 8.2). It
then moves towards the brown hyaena, followed closely by the second
spotted hyaena. The brown hyaena retreats a few metres then stops,
crouches slightly, and with its hair still raised, gives a short deep growl
(Table 5.6). The spotted hyaenas stop I-2m from the brown hyaena,
and remain in that position for 20 s, looking off in different directions,
while the brown hyaena growls intermittently. They then move back to
the carcass and continue feeding, and the brown hyaena moves away.
A few minutes later the brown hyaena again approaches the spotted
hyaenas and the same thing happens. After this the brown hyaena lies
down 15 m from the carcass.
   

During the night, two more brown hyaenas come to the vicinity of the
carcass. One or other of them intermittently approaches the spotted
hyaenas with the same results as described above. At 05.00h one of the
brown hyaenas comes up to the carcass, snarling, with its hair raised.
The two spotted hyaenas move away at a short distance, and the brown
hyaena starts feeding. The spotted hyaenas come back to the carcass,
and one of them drags it away from the brown hyaena. Three minutes
later the brown hyaena again approaches. As it does so one of the
spotted hyaenas drags the carcass off for 10 m, and continues feeding,
but the second one moves away. The brown hyaena again approaches
the feeding spotted hyaena, which then moves away after the other one,
leaving the remains of the carcass to the brown hyaenas.

In these interactions the spotted hyaenas were dominant to the brown
hyaenas most of the time. Yet I gained the impression that by persistently
disturbing the spotted hyaenas, the brown hyaenas caused them to
abandon the food sooner than they might otherwise have done. This
behaviour was less dramatic and persistent than that of spotted hyaenas
towards feeding lions (section 2.6.2.1), or black-backed jackals towards
feeding brown hyaenas (section 2.6.1.4), but its function appears to be the
same, i.e. to cause the larger carnivore to abandon the carcass. However,
spotted hyaenas never lost a significant amount of food.
The amount of food available to brown hyaenas from the remains of spotted
hyaenas' kills also varied between the two main study areas (Table

8.2). When the spotted hyaenas made a kill in the Kousaunt area, other
clan members quickly joined them on the kill which they consumed
completely. However, when some members of the clan moved into less
well utilized areas of the clan's territory, only those hyaenas which
participated in the hunt fed from the carcass, and the adult females in
particular were likely to return to the den early, thus often leaving
substantial remains.
   

8.1.2 Away from food

4 January 1980. 07.25 h. Kwang windmill. Seven spotted hyaenas come
to the windmill and chase a brown hyaena which is drinking there. After
500 m the brown hyaena backs up against a tree, sitting up on its carpals,
with its hair raised, ears back (as in Fig. 8.3), mouth open, and snarling.
Within a few seconds the spotted hyaenas move away slightly, and stand
looking around in different directions. The brown hyaena moves off
slowly for a few metres, then starts to run. Immediately it does so the
spotted hyaenas run after it again. After 100m the brown hyaena stops
in the open, adopting the same posture as earlier. The spotted hyaenas
run around it. Twice, one of them darts in and nips it in the lower back,
and once, one sniffs at the brown hyaena's back briefly. After a few
seconds they retreat for 10-20 m, and stand looking off in different
directions (Fig. 8.3). The brown hyaena slowly backs up to a nearby
bush facing the spotted hyaenas all the time, then, after 1-2 min, it
moves off slowly with its hair raised. Some of the spotted hyaenas watch
it go, but they do not chase it again.

On 28 occasions a single brown hyaena interacted with a varying number of
spotted hyaenas away from food - in 19 (68%) cases one or two spotted
hyaenas were involved, in 7 (25%) cases three to five were involved, and in
one case each (7%), seven and nine spotted hyaenas were involved. These
interactions are summarized in Figure 8.4 and clearly show the dominance of
spotted hyaenas over brown hyaenas, and that most interactions

between these two species result in harassment, even death, for the brown
hyaena.

   

In spite of the usual harassing experience for brown hyaenas when they
meet up with spotted hyaenas, there is at times a mutual attraction
between them. In 6 (21 %) of their meetings, the brown hyaena
approached closer to the spotted hyaenas, as if inviting an attack (although
in all six cases there were only one or two spotted hyaenas present), and
the two species stood or circled each other at close quarters. Although the
spotted hyaenas could easily have attacked the brown hyaena, they did
not. A similar relationship has been described between spotted hyaenas
and striped hyaenas (Kruuk 1976).
Although brown hyaenas sometimes stand and face spotted hyaenas,
they appear to be frightened by the whoop call. Once, two brown hyaenas
were feeding on a carcass when a spotted hyaena came running up to them.
One of the brown hyaenas stood its ground, but the other ran off. The two
species fed on the carcass for a short time, then the spotted hyaena moved
away. Twenty minutes later the brown hyaena was still feeding on the
carcass when a spotted hyaena whooped close by. Immediately, the brown
hyaena ran away. On six occasions I tested a resting brown hyaena's
reaction to a tape-recording of a spotted hyaena whooping. Each time the
brown hyaena showed concern; twice it ran away, twice it walked over
1 km and twice 50 m away before lying down again.
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#9
Brown hyena sharing food with Spotted hyenas and jackals



 [Image: 75TiAZC.jpg]
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#10
From Hyena Nights & Kalahari Days (Gus & Marge Mills)
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#11
how about any between striped and spotted hyenas?
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#12
(06-14-2019, 09:17 AM)Stephcurry Wrote: how about any between striped and spotted hyenas?

So curious to see their interaction.
[Image: t70ok8.jpg]
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#13
(06-14-2019, 09:17 AM)Stephcurry Wrote: how about any between striped and spotted hyenas?

"The spotted hyaena is a larger animal than the striped hyaena, although the two
do not look very different in size. The mean weight of the former in the Serengeti is
52 kg (Kruuk, 1972) and the striped hyaena is about half of that. This may explain
the dominance relationship between the two; on twenty-four occasions when spotted
and striped hyaenas met in the Serengeti, striped hyaenas avoided the other fourteen
times, and in one observation the striped hyaena lay down flat in some tall grass,
letting the other pass. On the other nine occasions, the striped hyaena was attracted
to the spotted hyaena; in six of these observations, the spotted hyaena was near a foodsource
(usually a piece of bone), but three times there was no obvious external cause
for this attraction. Only once did the striped hyaena actually get some food through
this behaviour. When a spotted hyaena saw a striped, it almost invariably walked up
to it.
During these occasions where a mutual attraction was evident, the two species
circled each other at a usual distance of 6-8 m, once as close as 3 m; I had the impression
that this distance is shorter when the spotted hyaena was a younger, smaller individual.
Such an encounter lasted several minutes before the two went their own

way again. All these observations were in open grassland, the favourite spotted
hyaena habitat. Five times spotted hyaenas scavengsd something from striped
hyaenas: twice this was a bone near the striped hyaena den entrance.
The attraction of the two species to each other is also evident from the reactions
to the other’s scent marks. Twice striped hyaenas used the spotted hyaena lavatories
and on numerous occasions striped hyaenas sniffed at, and then deposited analmarkings
on to grass-stalks previously used for exactly the same purpose by spotted
hyaenas. In South Africa, I also observed brown hyaenas ‘pasting’ on spotted hyaena
pasting-stalks, on the latter‘s lavatories.
...
When the two species meet over food, there is a mutual antagonism in which the

spotted hyaena is dominant: striped hyaenas avoid spotteds, and they are often chased
off their food. Perhaps it is significant that striped hyaenas appear to be noisier in
Israel than in East Africa - in Israel their calls would not attract spotted hyaenas. Tt
may well be that this dominance relationship between the two species excludes the
striped hyaena from the high-productivity areas.
The two hyaenas have several behaviour patterns in common, and some of the
vocalizations and smells are similar. Obviously the animals themselves react to some
of the other species‘ signals as if they were conspecific, e.g. they use each other’s scent
marking stations, and they show a clear mutual attraction. It appears that on this
behavioural level the two hyaenas are less well isolated from each other than might
perhaps be expected; the most efficient mechanism for avoiding competition is clearly
their different geographical range and habitat preference."
Kruuk, H. (1976). Feeding and social behaviour of the striped hyaena (Hyaena vulgaris Desmarest). African Journal of Ecology, 14(2), 91-111.



Striped hyaenas are smaller and even more generalist than browns, and so there is less dietary overlap. The Serengeti (where this study was done) is and was also a much more productive environment than the Kalahari, so competition will also not be quite so intense between stripeds and browns.
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#14
Assuming it was one of the larger Striped Hyena populations, I could imagine their similar size could make both of them brave enough to stand each their ground over food.
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#15
(Yesterday, 12:09 AM)Ryo Wrote: Assuming it was one of the larger Striped Hyena populations, I could imagine their similar size could make both of them brave enough to stand each their ground over food.

It's an interesting thought, although the striped hyaenas sympatric with spotteds are quite small :
   
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